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Welding Codes and How They Are Used (Page 3)

Welding Codes and How They Are Used (Page 3)
Posted in: Building Codes
Nov 23, 2004 - 4:53:00 PM

# ASME B31.2 Fuel Gas Piping-Material, This Code covers the design, fabrication, installation, and testing of piping systems for fuel gases such as natural gas, manufactured gas, liquified petroleum gas-air mixtures above the upper combustible limit, liquified petroleum gas in the gaseous phase, or a mixture of these gases. Included within the scope of this Code are fuel gas piping systems both in buildings and between buildings, form the outlet of the consumer's meter set assembly (or point of delivery) to and including the first pressure containing valve upstream of the gas utilization device. Piping systems within the scope of this Code include all components such as pipe, valves, fittings, flanges (except inlet and outlet flanges that are a part of equipment or apparatus described in para. 200.1.4), bolting and gaskets. Also included are the pressure containing parts of other components such as expansion joints, strainer and metering devices, and piping supporting fixtures and structural attachments.

# ASME B31.3 Process Piping- Rules for the Process Piping Code have been developed considering piping typically found in chemical, petroleum refineries, pharmaceutical, textile, paper, semiconducter, and cryogenic plants; and related processing plants and terminals. This Code prescribes requirements for materials and components, design, fabrication, erection, assembly, examination, inspection, and testing of piping. this Code applies to all fluids, including: raw, intermediate, and finished chemicals; petroleum products; gas, steam, air, and water; fluidized solids; refrigerants; and cryogenic fluids.

# ASME B31.4 Liquid Transportation Systems for Hydrocarbons, Liquid Petroleum Gas, Anhydrous Ammonia, and Alcohol. This Code prescribes requirements for the design, materials, construction, assembly, inspection, and testing of piping transporting liquids such as crude oil, condensate, natural gasoline, natural gas liquids, liquified petroleum gas, carbon dioxide, liquid alcohol, liquid anhydrous ammonia, and liquid petroleum products between producers' lease facilities, tank farms, natural gas processing plants, refineries, stations, ammonia plants, terminals (marine, rail, truck), and other delivery and receiving points. Piping consists of pipe, flanges, bolting, gaskets, valves, relief devices, fittings, and the pressure containing parts of other piping components. It also includes hangers and supports, and other equipment items necessary to prevent overstressing the pressure containing parts.

# ASME B31.5 Piping Refrigeration-This Code prescribes requirements for the materials, design, fabrication, assembly, erection, test, and inspection of refrigerant and secondary coolant piping for temperatures as low as -320°F except as specifically excluded.

# ASME B31.8 Gas Transmission and Distribution-This code covers the design, fabrication, installation, inspection, testing and safety aspects of operation and maintenance of gas transmission and distribution systems, including gas pipelines, gas compressor stations, gas metering and regulation stations, gas mains, and service lines up to the outlet of the customer's meter set assembly. Included within this Code are gas transmission and gathering pipelines, including appurtenances, that are installed offshore for the purpose of transporting gas from production facilities to onshore locations. Much more is also covered in this code.

# ASME B31.9 Building Services Piping-This Code Section has rules for the piping in industrial, institutional, commercial and public buildings, and multi-unit residences which does not require the range of sizes, pressures, and temperatures covered in B31.1.

# ASME B31.11 Slurry Transportation Piping Systems-This code prescribes minimum requirements for the design, materials, construction, assembly, inspection, testing, operation, and maintenance of piping transporting aqueous slurries of non-hazardous materials, such as coal, mineral ore, concentrates, and other solid material, between a slurry processing plant or terminal, and a receiving plant or terminal.

American Petroleum Institute

# API 570 Piping Inspection Code- This code covers the inspection, repair, alteration, and re-rating of in-service piping systems. API 570 was developed for the petroleum refining and chemical process industries but may be used, where practical, for any piping system. It is intended for use by organizations that maintain or have access to an authorized inspection agency, a repair organization, and technically qualified piping engineers, inspectors, and examiners, all as defined in Section 3.

# API 620 This code lists the requirements for Design and Construction of Large, Welded, Low-Pressure Tanks. This code applies to carbon steel above ground, including flat bottom tanks, that have a single vertical axis of revolution. The tanks described in this standard are designed for metal temperatures not greater than 250°F and with pressures in their gas or vapor spaces not more than 15 psi.

# API 650 Welded Steel Tanks for Oil Storage. This standard covers material, design, fabrication, erection, and testing requirements for vertical, cylindrical, aboveground, closed and open-top, welded steel storage tanks in various sizes and capacities for internal pressures approximating atmospheric pressure (internal pressure not exceeding the weight of the roof plates), but a higher internal pressure is permitted when additional requirements are met. This standard applies only to tanks whose entire bottom is uniformly supported and to tanks in nonrefrigerated service that have a maximum operating temperature of 90°C (200°F).

# API 653 Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction. This standard covers carbon and low alloy steel tanks built to API Standard 650 and its predecessor API Specification 12C. API 653 provides minimum requirements for maintaining the integity of welded or riveted, atmospheric pressure, aboveground storage tanks after they have been placed in service. It covers the maintenance inspection, repair, alteration, relocation, and reconstruction of such tanks. The scope of this publication is limited to the tank foundation, bottom, shell, structure, roof, attached appurttenances, and nozzles to the face of the first flange, first threaded joint, or first welding-end connection. This standard employs the principles of API 650; however, storage tank owner/operators may apply this standard to any steel tank constructed in accordance with a tank specification.

# API 1104 Welding of Pipelines and Related Facilities. This standard covers the gas and arc welding of butt, fillet, and socket welds in carbon and low-alloy steel piping used in the compression, pumping, and transmission of crude petroleum, petroleum products, fuel gases, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen, and where applicable, covers welding on distribution systems. It applies to both new construction and in-service welding. The welding may be done by a shielded metal-arc welding, submerged arc welding, gas tungsten-arc welding, gas metal-arc welding, flux-cored arc welding, plasma arc welding, oxyacetylene welding, or flash butt welding process or by a combination of these processes using a manual, semi-automatic, or automatic welding technique or a combination of these techniques, The welds may be produced by position or roll welding or by a combination of position and roll welding. This standard also covers the procedures for radiographic, magnetic particle, liquid penetrant, and ultrasonic testing as well as the acceptance standards to be applied to production welds tested to destruction or inspected by radiographic, magnetic particle, liquid penetrant, ultrasonic, and visual testing methods.

# API 1632 Cathodic Protection of Underground Petroleum Storage Tanks and Piping Systems. This recommended practice describes the corrosion problem characteristics in underground steel storage tanks and piping systems and provides a general description of the two methods currently used to provide cathodic protection against corrosion.

  • About this author:
    Bob Haslam

    The author has been involved in metalworking for over 30 years in various capacities such as: machinist, certified welder, fabrication and welding foreman, certified welding inspector, Level II NDT technician, and as an independent welding inspection contractor.

    View more articles by Bob Haslam
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